29-year-old Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata starts a trading company with a capital of ₹21,000 — the early beginnings of what would one day become the Tata group.
In a bold move, Jamsetji establishes a textile mill in Nagpur instead of Bombay — India's textile hub. The Empress Mills experiment would prove to be a stroke of genius.
Empress Mills pioneers employee welfare initiatives, long before they are enacted by law. 150 years later, the Tata group remains a 'people-first' enterprise.
Jamsetji establishes the JN Tata Endowment Fund to help Indian students pursue higher studies abroad.
The Taj Mahal Hotel opens for business on December 16. It is one of Jamsetji's many dreams for India, and the only one that would come to fruition in his lifetime.
It falls to his older son, Sir Dorabji Tata, to bring his father's grand vision for India to life. He becomes Chairman when Jamsetji passes away in Germany in 1904.
Sir Dorab first establishes Tata Iron and Steel Company (now Tata Steel) in remote Sakchi, and builds a hospital for the village, years before the first ingot is rolled out.
Tata Limited, the group's first overseas office, opens in London. The step marks the beginning of the group's global ambitions.
The Indian Institute of Science is established through the vision of JN Tata, 5 years after his death. The first batch of students is admitted in 1911.
Jamsetji's dream of bringing clean energy to Mumbai by establishing Western India's first hydro plant, is brought to life by Sir Dorab. Tata Power is born.
Moved by widespread poverty in India, Sir Ratan Tata, Jamsetji's younger son and a philanthropist, funds research into its causes at the University of London.
India's first planned industrial city springs to life in Sakchi. In 1919, it is rechristened Jamshedpur to honour Jamsetji, who first envisioned the township.
The group makes its consumer space debut with Tata Oil Mills Co (TOMCO), known for popular soap brands, Hamam and Moti. It is sold to Hindustan Lever in 1984.
Sir Ratan Tata passes away this year, and the first of the Tata Trusts, the Sir Ratanji Tata Trust & Allied Trusts, is set up in accordance with his will. It has a corpus of Rs. 8 million.
India sends her first Olympic team to the games in Antwerp, largely due to Sir Dorab's efforts. In 1924, he finances the Indian team headed to the Paris games.
24-year-old JRD Tata receives the first pilot licence in India, the culmination of a childhood fascination with flying and with legendary aviator Louis Bleriot.
India's aviation aspirations soar as JRD pilots the first flight of the subcontinent from Karachi to Mumbai. Tata Airlines (later, Air India) is born.
Donating all of his wealth (Rs. 10 million at the time), Sir Dorab sets up the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and the Lady Tata Memorial Trust (in memory of his wife).
Sir Dorab passes away the same year. His trusted lieutenant and passionate labour advocate Nowroji Saklatvala assumes Chairmanship of the Tata group.
The Tata Institute of Social Sciences is established, pioneering social work education in India. It remains an institution of excellence to this day.
Sir Nowroji passes away in France, propelling JRD Tata to the most powerful position in the group. At 34, he is the youngest Chairman in the group's history.
Tata Chemicals is incorporated in isolated, coastal Mithapur. A thriving community grows around the plant as the company grows into a market leader.
The Tata Memorial Hospital is commissioned by the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust. It pioneers cancer treatment in the country, and offers access to cancer care for all.
The group's rapid business expansion continues with the establishment of Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company. By 2003, it is rechristened Tata Motors.
India's scientific infrastructure takes a decisive step forward, when JRD Tata and Homi Bhabha establish the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.
Naval Tata is named President of the Indian Hockey Association. Under his watch, India achieves Olympic glory, with golds in 1948, 1952 & 1956.
Women across the country celebrate as the group launches India's first cosmetics brand, Lakme. It is sold to Hindustan Unilever, along with TOMCO, in 1984.
Voltas is incorporated and is associated with multiple prestigious projects, making it a leading engineering solutions provider and airconditioning brand.
TELCO enters the commercial vehicle space in collaboration with Daimler Benz AG, West Germany. The first Tata Mercedes-Benz truck rolls out in six months.
The group's interest in the beverages space is brewing. The country wakes up to a cup of Tata Finlay (later, the iconic Tata Tea; now, Tata Global Beverages).
Tata Exports (now, Tata International) is set up. The company operates in 39 countries, focusing on trading & distribution, and manufacturing leather products.
India's first software services company, Tata Consultancy Services ushers in a new era. Today, it is a truly global enterprise with a presence in 46 countries.
JRD Tata and Dr. Jamshed Bhabha envision a world-class performing arts centre to preserve India's heritage. Enter, the National Centre for the Performing Arts.
The Taj Group accelerates its international expansion with the acquisition of St. James Court in London, UK, two years after the company's first international hotel in Yemen.
Tata Chemicals changes the way India consumes salt. Tata Salt is the country's first iodised branded salt — the 'desh ka namak' to build a strong, healthy nation.
The group clocks another win as Titan Industries, a JV with the Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation (TIDCO), makes a splash in a watch-starved market.
After its success with commercial vehicles, TELCO (now Tata Motors) cruises into the passenger vehicle space with Tata Sierra, followed by Tata Estate in 1992.
With a view to preserving the group's unique heritage, JRD Tata establishes the Tata Central Archives in Mumbai. The archives find a new home in Pune in 2001.
After 53 years at the helm, JRD Tata steps down as Chairman, naming Ratan N Tata as successor. Under Ratan Tata, the group grows into a $100bn enterprise.
With an eye on an evolving market, Titan launches Raga to tap into the women's watch segment. Fastrack (launched 1998) becomes an iconic youth brand.
JRD Tata is awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, for his contribution to nation building, and also wins the UN Population Award this year.
Titan revolutionises the Indian jewellery market with the launch of Tanishq. The retail brand brings transparency and reliability to an unorganised sector.
Tata Indica, India's first indigenously designed and manufactured car, and Tata Safari, India's first SUV, are launched by TELCO (now, Tata Motors).
Tata Tea (now Tata Global Beverages) acquires the iconic, then 160-year-old, British Tetley group. Today, it is the second largest tea brand, globally.
The group strengthens its presence in the insurance sector with two joint ventures — Tata AIG this year, and Tata AIA in 2000.
The Tata group acquires a controlling stake in VSNL, establishing Tata Communications. The company is a global leader in network solutions, mobility and IoT.
TCS is the first Indian software company to cross one billion dollars in revenues. It goes public in 2004 in the largest IPO in India, raising nearly $1.2bn.
Tata Motors acquires the heavy vehicles unit of Daewoo Motors, and in the same year, is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.
The group responds to the transforming satellite entertainment space by launching DTH (Direct-to-Home) provider, Tata Sky.
Infiniti Retail launches Croma, India's first national chain of multi brand outlets for consumer electronics and durables.
Tata Steel acquires Corus (now, Tata Steel Europe). It is Europe's second largest steel producer serving construction, automotive, packaging & engineering industries.
Tata Motors unveils the 'people's car', Tata Nano, to make safe transport affordable to millions. It also acquires iconic British car maker, Jaguar Land Rover.
Tata Medical Center, a comprehensive cancer care and treatment facility designed especially to serve the poor in the region, is inaugurated by Ratan Tata.
TGBL's JV with international coffee giant, Starbucks, is welcomed by coffee lovers. The next 5 years see the fastest rollout of stores in Starbucks' history.
Bombay House, is the first heritage building in India to receive a gold rating by Indian Green Building Council. Two years later, it receives a platinum rating.
The group charts course for its newest aviation adventure. AirAsia India, a JV with popular, low-cost airline AirAsia Berhad, begins operations.
The group follows up that development with Vistara, Tata Sons' JV with Singapore Airlines. It celebrates flying 1 million customers that same year.
N. Chandrasekaran, CEO and MD of TCS since 2009, is appointed Chairman of Tata Sons by the Board of Directors.
The Tata group is the new title sponsor of Asia’s most prestigious marathon for 10 years, the Mumbai Marathon. It is jointly sponsored by Tata group and TCS.
TCS and Cornell Tech inaugurate the Tata Innovation Center to promote joint academic and industry research, following a $50 million investment by TCS.
Tata Steel and Thyssenkrupp sign a landmark JV to create a new, strong pan-European steel champion that is structurally robust and competitive.
TCS becomes the first listed Indian IT company to breach $100 billion in market capitalisation, ushering in a new phase of growth for India Inc.