29-year-old Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata starts a trading company with a capital of ₹21,000 — the early beginnings of what would one day become the Tata group.
In a bold move, Jamsetji establishes a textile mill in Nagpur instead of Bombay — India's textile hub. The Empress Mills experiment would prove to be a stroke of genius.
Empress Mills pioneers employee welfare initiatives, long before they are enacted by law. 150 years later, the Tata group remains a 'people-first' enterprise.
Jamsetji establishes the JN Tata Endowment Fund to help Indian students pursue higher studies abroad.
The Taj Mahal Hotel opens for business on December 16. It is one of Jamsetji's many dreams for India, and the only one that would come to fruition in his lifetime.
It falls to his older son, Sir Dorabji Tata, to bring Jamsetji’s vision to life. He becomes Chairman on Jamsetji’s passing.
Sir Dorab first establishes Tata Iron and Steel Company (now Tata Steel) in remote Sakchi, and builds a hospital for the village, years before the first ingot is rolled out.
Tata Limited, the group's first overseas office, opens in London. The step marks the beginning of the group's global ambitions.
The Indian Institute of Science is established through the vision of JN Tata, 5 years after his death. The first batch of students is admitted in 1911.
Jamsetji's dream of bringing clean energy to Mumbai by establishing Western India's first hydro plant, is brought to life by Sir Dorab. Tata Power is born this year.
Moved by widespread poverty in India, Sir Ratan Tata, Jamsetji's younger son and a philanthropist, funds research into its causes at the University of London.
India's first planned industrial city springs to life in Sakchi. In 1919, it is rechristened Jamshedpur to honour Jamsetji, who first envisioned the township.
The group makes its consumer space debut with Tata Oil Mills Co (TOMCO), known for popular soap brands, Hamam and Moti. It is sold to Hindustan Lever in 1984.