Milestones

 

The Tata group is one of India's oldest, largest and most respected business conglomerates. The group's businesses are spread over seven business sectors.

Foundation
1868-1931  
Consolidation
1932-1989
Expansion
1990 onwards
 

The seeds of what would mature and become today's Tata group were laid long years before India became independent

1868

Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata starts a private trading firm, laying the foundation of the Tata group
 

1874

The Central India Spinning, Weaving and Manufacturing Company is set up, marking the group's entry into textiles and its first large-scale industrial venture
 

1902

The Indian Hotels Company is incorporated to set up the Taj Mahal Palace, India's first luxury hotel, which opened in 1903
 

1907

The Tata Iron and Steel Company (now Tata Steel) is established to set up India's first iron and steel plant in Jamshedpur. The plant started production in 1912
Sets up its first office overseas, Tata Limited in London
 

1910

The first of the three Tata Electric Companies, The Tata Hydro-Electric Power Supply Company is set up. The second, Andhra Valley Power Supply Company was established in 1917 and Tata Power in 1919. The first two companies were merged with Tata Power in 2000 to form a single entity
 

1911

The Indian Institute of Science is established in Bangalore to serve
as a centre for advanced learning
 

1912

Tata Steel introduces eight-hour working days, well before such a system was implemented by law in much of the West
 

1917

The Tatas enter the consumer goods industry, with the Tata Oil Mills Company being established to make soaps, detergents and cooking oils. The company was sold to Hindustan Lever (now Unilever) in 1984
 

The Tata group ventured into new areas and built on the foundations, in spite of the restraints imposed by a controlled economy

1932

Tata Airlines, a division of Tata Sons, is established, opening up the aviation sector in India. Air India was nationalised in 1953
 

1939

Tata Chemicals, now the largest producer of soda ash in the country, is established
 

1945

Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (now known as Tata Motors) is established to manufacture locomotive and engineering products
Tata Industries is created for the promotion and development of hi-tech industries
 

1952

Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, requests the group to manufacture cosmetics in India, leading to the setting up of Lakme. The company was sold to Hindustan Lever (now Unilever) in 1997
 

1954

India's major marketing, engineering and manufacturing organisation, Voltas, is established
 

1962

Tata Finlay (renamed to Tata Tea and then to Tata Global Beverages), one of the largest tea producers, is established
Tata Exports is established. Today the company, renamed Tata International, is one of the leading export houses in India
 

1968

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), India's first software services company, is established as a division of Tata Sons
 

1971

Tata Precision Industries, the first Tata company in Singapore, is founded to design and manufacture precision engineering products
 

1984

The first 500 MW thermal power unit at the Trombay station of the Tata Electric Companies is commissioned
 

The liberalisation of the Indian economy unleashed a period of remarkable growth for the Tata group, in India and worldwide

1995

Tata Quality Management Services institutes the JRD QV Award, modelled on the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Value Award of the United States, laying the foundation of the Tata Business Excellence Model
 

1996

Tata Teleservices (TTSL) is established to spearhead the group's foray into the telecom sector
 

1998

Tata Indica — India's first indigenously designed and manufactured car — is launched by Tata Motors, spearheading the group's entry into the passenger car segment
 

1999

The new Tata group corporate mark and logo are launched
 

2000

Tata Tea (now known as Tata Global Beverages) acquires the Tetley group, UK. This is the first major acquisition of an international brand by an Indian business group
 

2001

Tata AIG — a joint venture between the Tata group and American International Group Inc (AIG) — marks the Tata re-entry into insurance. (The group's insurance company, New India Assurance, set up in 1919, was nationalised in 1956)
TCS consolidates market leadership through CMC acquisition
 

2002

Tata Sons acquires a controlling stake in VSNL (now known as Tata Communications), India's leading international telecommunications service provider
Titan launches Edge, the slimmest watch in the world
 

2003

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) becomes the first Indian software company to cross one billion dollars in revenues
Tata Teleservices launches Tata Indicom mobile service (consolidated with Tata DOCOMO in 2011) in Mumbai
The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Mumbai, turns 100

2004

Tata Motors is listed on the world's largest bourse, the New York Stock Exchange, the second group company to do so after VSNL (now known as Tata Communications)
Tata Motors acquires the heavy vehicles unit of Daewoo Motors, South Korea
TCS goes public in July 2004 in the largest private sector initial public offering (IPO) in the Indian market, raising nearly $1.2 billlion
Indian Hotels unveils IndiOne (now known as Ginger hotels), a first-of-its-kind chain of Smart Basics hotels
 

2005

Tata Steel acquires Singapore-based steel company NatSteel by subscribing to 100 per cent equity of its subsidiary, NatSteel Asia
VSNL (now known as Tata Communications) acquired Tyco Global Network, making it one of the world's largest providers of submarine cable bandwidth
Taj group takes over management of The Pierre, NY
Taj group acquires a hotel run by Starwood, Sydney (now Blue)
Tata Motors creates a new mini-truck segment in India with the launch of Tata Ace
Trent acquires strategic interest in Landmark chain of bookstores
 

2006

Tata Sky satellite television service launched across the country
Taj group acquires the Ritz-Carlton, Boston (now known as Taj Boston)
Tata Chemicals acquires controlling stake in Brunner Mond Group, UK (now known as Tata Chemicals Europe)
Infiniti Retail launches Croma, India's first national chain of multi brand outlets for consumer electronics and durable products
 

2007

Tata Steel acquires the Anglo-Dutch company Corus (now known as Tata Steel Europe), making it the world's fifth-largest steel producer
TCS inaugurates TCS China — a joint venture with the Chinese government and other partners
Computational Research Laboratories, a division of Tata Sons, develops Eka, one of the fastest supercomputers in the world and the fastest in Asia
The Taj group acquires Campton Place Hotel in San Francisco (now known as Taj Campton Place)
Tata Steel celebrates its centenary on August 26, 2007
The Sir Dorabji Tata Trust, one of the oldest, non-sectarian philanthropic organisations in India, celebrates 75 years of dedication to nation-building activities
Tata Capital established as a new Tata company in the financial sector
 

2008

Tata Motors unveils Tata Nano, the People’s Car, at the 9th Auto Expo in Delhi on January 10, 2008
Tata Motors acquires the Jaguar and Land Rover brands from the Ford Motor Company
Tata Chemicals acquires General Chemical Industrial Products Inc (now known as Tata Chemicals North America)
 

2009

Tata Motors announces commercial launch of the Tata Nano; delivers first Tata Nano in the country in Mumbai
Tata Teleservices announces pan-India GSM service with NTT DOCOMO
TRF acquires Dutch Lanka Trailer Manufacturers (DLT), Sri Lanka, a world-class trailer manufacturing company
Jaguar Land Rover introduces its premium range of vehicles in India
Tata Chemicals launches Tata Swach — the world’s most cost-effective water purifier
Tata Housing makes waves with its launch of low cost housing in Mumbai
 

2010

TRF acquires UK-based Hewitt Robins International
New plant for Tata Nano at Sanand inaugurated
Advinus Therapeutics announces the discovery of a novel molecule — GKM-001 — for the treatment of type II diabetes
Tata Tea announces joint venture with PepsiCo for health drinks
Tata Tea group rebrands itself as Tata Global Beverages, headquartered in London
Tata Chemicals acquires 100-per-cent stake in leading vacuum salt producer British Salt, UK
Tata Chemicals launches i-Shakti dals, India's first national brand of pulses
 

2011

Tata Chemicals rebrands its global subsidiaries in the UK, the US and Kenya under the Tata Chemicals corporate brand
The Tata brand soars into the top 50 club of global brands
Tata Medical Center, a comprehensive cancer care and treatment facility established in Kolkata, was inaugurated by Tata Sons Chairman Ratan Tata
The Tata Nano begins international journey in Sri Lanka and Nepal
Jaguar celebrates 50 years of iconic E-Type car
Tata Steel completes centenary of its first blast furnace
Tata BP Solar becomes wholly owned Tata company (now known as Tata Power Solar Systems)
 

2012

Tata Global Beverages and Starbucks form joint venture to open Starbucks cafés across India. First outlet launched in October in Mumbai
Tata Communications completes world’s first wholly-owned cable network ring around the world
India’s first iodine plus iron fortified salt launched by Tata Chemicals
Tata AIG Life Insurance Company to be now called Tata AIA Life Insurance Company
Starbucks opens spectacular flagship store in Mumbai, honouring the dynamic culture of India
Tetley Tea celebrates 175th anniversary
Tata Steel expands aerospace activities in China
Cyrus P Mistry takes over as Chairman, Tata Sons from Ratan N Tata
   

2013

Tata Motors’ Jamshedpur plant rolls out its two millionth truck
Tata Power synchronises fifth 800MW unit and makes its first UMPP of 4,000MW, at Mundra, fully operational
Tata Sons announces formation of the Group Executive Council
Tata Technologies acquires Cambric, a premier US-based engineering services company
TCS acquires IT services firm Alti to help drive long-term growth in France
Titan Industries is now Titan Company
Tata Sons and Singapore Airlines to establish new airline in India
Mount Everest Mineral Water (MEMW) to be merged with Tata Global Beverages
Jaguar Land Rover celebrates 1,000,000 vehicles built at Halewood operations
Tata Toyo and Air International enter into a joint venture
Titan Company celebrates retail milestone with 1,000 stores