A pioneer of industry

Starting as a trading firm in India, Tata has grown to a 100-company 100-country footprint.
A quick look at this fascinating 150-year journey and the group's pioneering efforts in building industry.

Juxt, India's first smartwatch, was developed by Titan, India's biggest watch and jewellery company, in collaboration with HP

Tata Consultancy Services, launched in 1968 as India's first software services company, scripts history and becomes the first Indian IT company to hit $100 billion m-cap

India's independence was first announced by Lord Mountbatten from the steps of The Taj Mahal Palace in Mumbai. Opened in 1903, the Taj Mahal Palace is older than the Gateway of India

The Tata Ace, India's first sub-tonne mini truck, ideal for last mile deliveries, was an innovation from Tata Motors in 2005

The establishment of Tata Steel in 1907 marks the birth of pre-independence India's first steel plant. India's first tinplate facility was also set up by Tata in 1920

India's first luxury hotel, the Taj Mahal Palace Mumbai, is also the first Indian building to secure an image trademark to protect the use of images of its iconic exterior façade

Tata Housing was the first corporate entity to launch low cost housing in India with the smart value ShubhGriha housing project in 2009

The Bivouac 9000 is the world's first watch that can also accurately measure altitudes up to 9,000m, ie higher than Mount Everest – developed by Titan's Favre Leuba brand

Tata Water Plus, India's first nutrient water, was launched in 2012

The first Indian bank, Tata Industrial Bank, was set up in 1917, later renamed as Central Bank of India

Tetley, the world's second largest tea company, was the first to bring the 'no drip-no mess' experience by developing the drip-less drawstring teabag in 1994

Tata Chemicals set up the first desalination plant in India in 1985 to provide a steady supply of water in response to drought in the area

Titan's jewellery division Tanishq changed the gold industry in 1998 by introducing the Karatmeter – a device that makes it easy for customers to check the purity of gold jewellery

Tata Motors is the first Indian auto company to introduce vehicles that meet Euro emission norms. It also developed India's first hydrogen fuel cell bus for zero-emission inter-city commuting in collaboration with ISRO

Empress Mills was the first to bring ring spindle technology to India from America, much before England's Lancashire cotton mills

Tata Steel's Noamundi unit is the first Indian mine to use drone tech to monitor mining activity and improve workers' safety

Tata Steel was the first to develop a cost-effective technology called SilentTrack that reduces excessive railway track noise

Tata Brabo is the first made-in-India industrial robot, designed to help automate manufacturing for small-to-medium industries

Tata was the first to start a daycare and primary classes for children of women mill workers back in 1886

India's first indigenously designed and manufactured passenger car – the Tata Indica – was developed by Tata Motors in 1998

The excitement of truck racing was brought to India through the T1 Prima Truck Racing Championship launched by Tata Motors

Tata Steel was the first Indian company to introduce 8-hour working days in 1912, at a time when a 12-hour workday was the legal maximum in Britain

Tata Salt Plus, India's first iodine and iron fortified salt, was launched by Tata Chemicals to combat iodine and iron deficiencies

India's first computer, TIFRAC, was designed by Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

Tata Power was the first company to help bring electrification to Mumbai's lifeline - the railways

India's first cement manufacturing company, India Cement Company, was set up by Tata in 1912

Just 3.5mm thick, Titan Edge was launched in 2002 as the world's slimmest commercially available watch

The acquisition of tea brand Tetley by Tata in 2000 marks corporate India's first acquisition of a global brand

Tata Nano created waves in 2009 as the world's smallest and most affordable passenger car

Tata Communication established the first wholly-owned globe-straddling telecom cable network in 2012

Tata Power pioneered hydro power generation in India 90 years ago

Ignio, the world's first neural automation system for enterprises, is developed by Tata Consultancy Services

Civil aviation started in India in 1932 with the establishment of Tata Aviation Services, later nationalized to become Air India

The first floating solar plant in India is built by Tata Power in partnership with Australian company Sunengy

Tata Motors started as a locomotive company, moves on to manufacturing India's first trucks in 1954

Voltas conceived and funded the Life Line Express in 1991, a railway hospital which travels all over India

Lakme, India's first cosmetics company, was started by Tata in 1952 and later sold to Hindustan Unilever

Croma, India's first national chain for consumer electronics, was launched in 2006

India's first industrial town, Jamshedpur, was built in 1912 as the base for Tata Steel, India's first steel-making facility

Insurance came to India in 1919 through The New India Assurance Company, set up by a group of businessmen and spearheaded by Tata

Eka was developed as one of the fastest supercomputers in the world and fastest in Asia in 2007 by Computational Research Laboratories, a company now merged with TCS

India's first business archive, Tata Central Archive, was set up in 1991

mjunction services, which pioneered e-auction of coal in 2009, is now India's largest e-commerce company and the world's largest e-marketplace for steel

Taj Safaris is India's first and only wildlife lodges circuit that allows travellers to experience the unparalleled beauty of the Indian jungle amidst luxurious surroundings