areas of business | joint ventures, subsidiaries, associates | location
Tata Motors is India's largest automobile company, with consolidated revenues of Rs1,65,654 crore (USD32.5 billion) in 2011-12. Through subsidiaries and associate companies, Tata Motors has operations in the UK, South Korea, Thailand, Spain and South Africa. Among them is Jaguar Land Rover, the business comprising the two iconic British brands. Following a strategic alliance with Fiat in 2005, it has set up an industrial joint venture with Fiat Group Automobiles at Ranjangaon to produce both Fiat and Tata cars and Fiat powertrains.
Tata Motors is the country's market leader in commercial vehicles and among the top three in passenger vehicles. It is also the world's fourth-largest truck and bus manufacturer. Tata Motors commercial and passenger vehicles are being marketed in several countries in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, South East Asia and South America. It has franchisee / joint venture assembly operations in Bangladesh, Ukraine and Senegal.
The company, formerly known as Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company, began manufacturing commercial vehicles in 1954 with a 15-year collaboration agreement with Daimler Benz of Germany. It has, since, developed Tata Ace, India's first indigenous light commercial vehicle; the Prima range of trucks; the Ultra range of international standard light commercial vehicles; Tata Safari, India's first sports utility vehicle; Tata Indica, India's first indigenously manufactured passenger car; and the Nano, the world's most affordable car.
Tata Motors has over 4,500 engineers, technicians and scientists at R&D centres in India, South Korea, Spain and the UK.
Areas of business
Tata Motors makes passenger cars, multi-utility vehicles and light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles.
- Passenger cars: The company launched the compact Tata Indica in 1998, the sedan Indigo in 2002 and the station wagon Indigo Marina in 2004.
- Utility vehicles: The Tata Sumo was launched in 1994 and the Tata Safari in 1998.
- Commercial vehicles: The commercial vehicle range extends from the light two-tonne truck to heavy dumpers and multi-axled vehicles in the above 40-tonne segment.
- Passenger buses: The company also manufactures and sells passenger buses, 12-seaters to 60-seaters, in the light, medium and heavy segments.
Joint ventures, subsidiaries, associates
Tata Motors has a joint venture (JV) with Marcopolo, the Brazil-based maker of bus and coach bodies. Tata Motors (SA) (Proprietary) is Tata Motors' JV with Tata Africa Holding (Pty); the JV assembly plant at Rosslyn, Pretoria, assembles light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles ranging from 4-50 tonnes from semi knocked down kits.
Other associates include:
- Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company, a 100-percent subsidiary of Tata Motors in the business of heavy commercial vehicles (www.daewootruck.co.kr/).
- Tata Motors European Technical Centre is a UK-based, 100-percent subsidiary engaged in design engineering and development of products.
- Telco Construction Equipment Company makes construction equipment and provides allied services. Tata Motors has a 60 percent holding; the rest is held by Hitachi Construction Machinery Company, Japan (www.telcon.co.in/).
- Tata Technologies provides specialised engineering and design services, product lifecycle management and product-centric information technology services (www.tatatechnologies.com/).
- Tata Motors (Thailand) is a joint venture between Tata Motors (70 percent) and Thonburi Automotive Assembly Plant Co (30 percent) to manufacture and market the company’s pickup vehicles in Thailand (www.tatamotors.co.th/).
- Tata Cummins manufactures high horsepower engines used in the company’s range of commercial vehicles (www.tatacummins.com/).
- HV Transmissions and HV Axles are 100-percent subsidiaries that make gearboxes and axles for heavy and medium commercial vehicles.
- TAL Manufacturing Solutions is a 100-percent subsidiary that provides factory automation solutions and designs and manufactures a wide range of machine tools (www.tal.co.in/).
- Hispano Carrocera is a Spanish bus manufacturing company in which Tata Motors acquired a 100 percent stake in 2009 (www.hispano-net.com/).
- Concorde Motors is a 100 percent subsidiary retailing Tata Motors’ range of passenger vehicles (www.concordemotors.com/).
- Tata Motors Finance is a 100 percent subsidiary in the business of financing customers and channel partners of Tata Motors (www.tatamotorfinance.com/).
Tata Motors' plants are located at Jamshedpur (eastern India), Pune and Sanand (west), Dharwad (south west) and Lucknow and Pantnagar (north). Tata Motors and Fiat have set up a common manufacturing facility at Ranjangaon, near Pune.